In Order of Importance:
Dyslexia is an intuitive ability to shift perceptions and see the world with a multidimensional view. It is inherited, just like a person may inherit an eye/hair/skin color from a family member. It is a personalized talent and disability, affecting everyone differently.
Dyscalculia is Dyslexia in Math, just like Dyslexia it is a personalized talent and disability. A person can have Dyscalculia by itself or with Dyslexia.
Dyscalculia is Dyslexia in Handwriting, just like Dyslexia it is a personalized talent and disability. A person usually has Dysgraphia along with Dyslexia or Dyscalculia.
Learning Disabilities is a broad term for all forms of Dyslexia and is the only term that is accepted by the Federal and State Government for school coverage.
Receptive Language Problem
Receptive Language Problem is a speech and language disability in which a person knows that you are talking, but constantly needs the words spoken to be repeated.
Central Auditory Processing Problem
Central Auditory Processing Problem is a speech and language disability in which a person constantly needs translation of what someone is saying. There will always be a family member, or friend, continuously restating words so that this person understands what is being said.
Expressive Language Problem
Expressive Language Problem is a speech and language disability in which a person has difficulty attaching words to his/her thoughts. This person has a difficult time saying what he/she is thinking, or doesn’t know what to say. This person may have a few phrases or words to cover up this issue such as, “Never mind,” or “I forget.” This person usually comes across as shy or quiet and will have a delay in responding. Albert Einstein was one of these kinds of people.
Executive Skills are the Life Skills of organization, order, memory & recall, social control, behavioral control, self-talk, controlling future actions, complex problem solving, mood control, tolerating frustration, thinking before acting or speaking, consistency, motivation, concentration, getting started, paying attention, and finishing work. Executive Skills are difficult for Dyslexics, they are the last skills learned because the academics need to be learned first.
Gross Motor Skills
Gross Motor Skills are the large motor skills of the body; such as, big arm & leg movements, running activities, and sports.
Fine Motor Skills
Fine Motor Skills are the small motor skills of the body usually done with the fingers and the toes. The toes relate to balance and the fingers relate to handwriting.
Vision is the combination of clarity and the ability to gather meaning from eyesight. It is a physical and mental process that involves visual acuity, eye movement ability, focusing ability, ability to use both eyes together, and the ability to quickly move your eyes from far to near and back again; such as from a board on the wall to the paper on the desk. It also involves perception, which is the brain’s interpretation of what is being taken in by the eyes.
Clarity is eyesight as measured by the Snellen Eye Chart that is placed 20 feet away from you on the wall, or, when you are older, as measured for Bi-Focals. Clarity is just 20/20 eyesight.
A Developmental Optometrist provides a more complex testing & training program specializing in physiological and perceptual development of vision. A regular optometrist just tests for acuity. People who see a Developmental Optometrist can be labled with visual motor problems, visual perceptual difficulties, or general learning disabilities. Our center often recommends that clients go for complete visual integration testing with a recommended board certified Developmental Optometrist.
“20/20 Is Not Enough”
“20/20 Is Not Enough”, written by Dr. Arther S. Seiderman and Dr. Steven E. Marcus, is a book that we highly recommend that explains the crucial relationship between vision and performance.